In heavy machinery, a clutch is critical to facilitate movement and efficient functioning. When many people hear about a clutch, they quickly assume it is only associated with manual transmission engines. However, a clutch is found in all machines, including automatic transmission ones, from cars to industrial machinery. Therefore forget about the assumption that clutches are only associated with manual engines.
What is a clutch?
Clutches serve as the bridge to the moving engine’s section to shape relative motion. In other words, a clutch in a machine controls the movement and speed of the motor. It disconnects the motor’s driveshaft, allowing the machinery user to slow down or pause an engine without switching it off completely.
For instance, the clutch allows you to change the speed or stop without turning off the engine in a car. In a way, it connects the engine to the tires to achieve that function. It works similarly in industrial machinery such as cranes, bulldozers, and forklifts.
A clutch allows you to make necessary pauses when operating machinery, such as stopping the movement of the conveyor belt as the machinery s still running. Therefore a clutch engages or disengages two different bodies of rotation, whether gears, shafts, motor, sprockets, or any combination of the parts.
How a clutch works
Now that you understand what a clutch is and what it does, you can quickly learn how it works. Many of the industrial machines you encounter have a clutch, and it operates in engines with two rotating shafts. The shafts connect the motor to the machinery’s moving parts, and the clutch links the rotating shafts enabling them to move together or disengage.
When the machinery is running, and you engage the clutch, it separates the shafts, but the motor is still running, so the machinery components pause. For instance, the conveyor belt’s motor continues running when you engage a clutch in a crane. Still, the belt stops moving, enabling efficient functioning without having to switch the engine on and off whenever you need a pause.
Understanding how a clutch works helps you predict problems in your industrial machinery to prevent a major breakdown. Kor Pak engineering experts can help you with preventative maintenance and parts replacement to ensure optimal functioning.
Types of clutches
Different types of clutches are broken down depending on the engagement method of transmitting the rotating mechanical energy to the moving parts. In other words, the power. Some clutches use friction power, and others use positive engagement.
- Friction clutches- here, a force of springs or applying energy like magnetic Flux or a pressurized piston holds together single or numerous disc friction plates to transmit torque via friction.
- Positive engagement clutches involve jaw or tooth cutches that move into position when engaged.
Each option has its pros and cons, and the classifications are meant to offer designers a range of options.
Many industrial machines cannot function without a clutch. Now that you know how vital a clutch is to your machinery, you should conduct preventative maintenance to keep it in good working condition and prevent other issues with your machinery.